Ethiopia wants to start supplying the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam when the next rainy season begins in July. Egypt insists on having a say in how quickly it is filled because it will affect the flow of the Nile River, the nation’s main source of fresh water.

US and World Bank-backed efforts to mediate the dispute between Ethiopia and Egypt broke down in February when Ethiopia withdrew from the talks.

Ethiopia believes it doesn’t need permission of any downstream country to utilise its legitimate share of water. Therefore, Egypt’s approval before filling the dam is not needed.

The dam is set to be Africa’s biggest hydropower dam once it is completed, generating about 6,000MW of electricity. Ethiopia plans to export electricity to neighbouring states to help ease an acute foreign exchange shortage.

Source: Business